The king was incensed with the successes of the Jewish uprising. When he raised and agreed to pay a large army, he was confronted by an empty treasury. Needing money to keep up his practice of lavish expenditures on himself and for gifts, he decided to go to Persia to collect taxes.
He left Lysias in charge of Jerusalem and Judea, with authority over half the army. Syria and the Philistines joined in the attack.
Judas and his brothers prepared to defend Jerusalem.
What do you think about the draft exemptions they had: those who were building houses, about to be married, planted a vineyard, were faint-hearted?